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Effect of Climate Change on India: Important for APSC / UPSC Mains

One of the major problems the world is currently experiencing is climate change. All around the world, including India, its effects are being felt. India, a developing nation, is particularly susceptible to the harmful consequences of climate change. In this post, we'll talk about how climate change is affecting India and what may be done to lessen its consequences.

India's exposure to climate change

1. Increased Temperatures

The nation's temperatures have increased as a result of climate change. There have been more deaths and illnesses as a result of the frequency and severity of heatwaves. The Indian economy's foundational industry, agriculture, is also suffering as a result of rising temperatures 2. Changing Monsoon Trends

The patterns of the monsoon have changed as a result of climate change. As the monsoon season gets shorter and more severe, certain areas of the country experience droughts while others experience floods and landslides. This has a major effect on the agriculture industry and may cause food shortages and price increases.

3. Increased Sea Levels

Sea levels are increasing as a result of climate change, posing a serious threat to coastal people and cities. Storms and cyclones are occurring more frequently, which is aggravating the problem and leading to significant infrastructure damage

4. Loss of Biodiversity

India's abundant biodiversity is also being impacted by climate change. The loss of flora and fauna is being caused by reasons such as rising temperatures, shifting monsoon patterns, and others. Significant ecological and economic ramifications result from this.

Mitigating Climate Change Impacts

1. Alternative Energy

India is one of the world's biggest consumers of fossil fuels, which significantly contributes to greenhouse gas emissions. By switching to renewable energy sources like hydroelectric, solar, and wind, emissions can be greatly reduced, hence reducing the impact of climate change.

2. Afforestation

In order to mitigate the consequences of climate change and absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, forests are essential. Reforestation and planting new trees can help the nation's forest cover grow and reduce emissions.

3. Efficiency of Energy

Yet another way to lower emissions and lessen the effects of climate change is to increase energy efficiency in buildings such as houses, offices, and businesses. Insulation, lighting, and energy-efficient appliances can all help you achieve this.

4. Climate-Smart Agriculture

Crop diversification, conservation agriculture, and sustainable irrigation are examples of climate-smart agricultural techniques that can help improve the agricultural sector's resistance to the effects of climate change.

In conclusion, India's economic, social, and ecological well-being are seriously threatened by climate change. Government, civil society, and the commercial sector must work together to mitigate its effects. We can build a more resilient and sustainable future for ourselves and future generations by adopting sustainable behaviours and lowering greenhouse gas emissions.


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